But Yalies aren’t the only ones who love their campus squirrels.
We went through and picked out the dozen or so colleges that are most obsessed with squirrels and listed them below in no particular order.
Did we leave out a school you think deserves to be on this list? Email us and tell us why at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Published: 09/24/2013 04:06 PM EDT on LiveScience
Psychopaths are usually described as lacking empathy, and a new study reveals the neurological basis for this dearth of feeling.
When people with psychopathy imagine others experiencing pain, brain regions associated with empathy and concern for others fail to activate or connect with brain areas involved in emotional processing and decision-making, researchers report.
In addition to a lack of remorse, psychopathy is characterized by shallow affect, glibness, manipulation and callousness. The rate of psychopathy is about 23 percent in prisons, compared with about 1 percent in the general population, research shows. [The 9 Most Bizarre Medical Conditions]
To investigate the neurological roots of the disorder, researchers studied 121 inmates at a medium-security prison in the United States. The inmates were divided into highly psychopathic, moderately psychopathic and weakly psychopathic groups on the basis of a widely used diagnostic tool called the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised.
Researchers scanned the brains of the participants while showing them images depicting physical pain, such as a finger getting caught in a door or a toe caught under a heavy object. The participants were told to imagine the accident happening to themselves or to someone else. They were also shown images of neutral ojects, such as a hand on a doorknob.
When the highly psychopathic individuals imagined the accidents happening to themselves, their brains lit up in the anterior insula, the anterior midcingulate cortex, the somatosensory cortex and the right amygdala — all areas involved in empathy. The response was quite pronounced, suggesting psychopathic individuals were sensitive to thoughts of pain.
But when the highly psychopathic inmates imagined the accident happening to others, their brains failed to light up in the regions associated with empathy. In fact, an area involved in pleasure, the ventral striatum, lit up instead. Furthermore, these individuals showed abnormal connectivity between the insula and the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, an area important for empathetic decision-making.
By contrast, the less psychopathic individuals showed more normal brain activation and connectivity in these areas.
The strange patterns of brain activation and connectivity in highly psychopathic individuals suggest they did not experience empathy when imagining the pain of others, and possibly took pleasure in it.
The findings could help inform intervention programs for psychopathy, the researchers say. Having psychopathic people imagine themselves in pain first could be used in cognitive behavior therapies as a way of kick-starting empathy, they wrote in the study detailed today (Sept. 24) in the journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.
In fact, past research has shown psychopaths can feel empathy, when explicitly asked to, suggesting this ability to understand another person’s feelings may be repressed rather than missing entirely in psychopathic individuals.
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Carrie Mae Weems, Ana Maria Rey and Colin Camerer are three of the 24 people in this year’s class of MacArthur fellows, announced Wednesday. A total of 13 men and 11 women received the honor, working in fields that include organic chemistry, medieval history and ballet.
The MacArthur accolade, which has been around since 1978, is handed out annually to a select group of high-achieving individuals in disciplines ranging from science and medicine to literature and art. What was once a $50,000 award has since morphed into a six-figure bounty. Past winners include writer Susan Sontag, choreographer Merce Cunningham and World Bank president Jim Yong Kim.
The 2013 MacArthur roster has its own fair share of big names, too, including Swamplandia! author Karen Russell and jazz pianist Vijay Iyer. Below, the 24 geniuses you should know this year:
1. Playwright Tarell McCraney, 32
An ensemble member of Chicago’s Steppenwolf Theatre Co., McCraney is known for his triptych of works, “The Brother/Sister Plays (2009),” which focus on West African Yoruba cosmology, familial bonds and young love.
2. Writer Karen Russell, 32
A graduate of Columbia University’s master of fine arts program, Russell was nominated for the 2012 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for her debut novel, Swamplandia!.
3. Audio preservationist Carl Haber, 54
Haber is a senior scientist in the Physics Division of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory who specializes in the preservation of deteriorating sound recordings.
4. Research psychologist Angela Duckworth, 43
Duckworth is an associate professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania who studies the way grit and self-control affect educational achievement.
5. Choreographer and dancer Kyle Abraham, 36
Abraham is the founder and artistic director of Kyle Abraham/Abraham.in.Motion. His dance works have focused on urban life in his native Pittsburgh, incorporating baroque opera, contemporary classical compositions, spoken word and rhythm and blues.
6. Writer Donald Antrim, 55
An associate professor in Columbia University’s writing program, Antrim is best known for his fiction, The Verificationist (2000) and In The Hundred Brothers (1998), as well as his first work of nonfiction, The Afterlife: A Memoir (2007).
7. Immigration lawyer Margaret Stock, 51
An attorney at Cascadia Cross Border Law in Anchorage, Alaska, Stock is recognized for her written scholarship and for contributions to policy debates that challenge American immigration legislation.
8. Artist Carrie Mae Weems, 60
Weems is a photographer and video artist who explores the legacy of African-American identity in contemporary American culture. Her most famous works include “Ain’t Joking” (1987), “The Kitchen Table Series” (1990) and “Roaming” (2006).
9. Organic chemist Phil Baran, 36
Baran is a chemistry professor at Scripps Research Institute who works in pharmacology. He recently developed an affordable method for synthesizing cortistatin A, a steroidal alkaloid thought to be useful in treating macular degeneration and cancer.
10. Paleobotanist C. Kevin Boyce, 39
Boyce is an associate professor at Stanford University’s Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences who is solving mysteries about the morphology of plants using modern technologies like X-ray microscopy and spectroscopy.
11. Primary care physician Jeffrey Brenner, 44
Brenner has been working on a health care delivery model for sick residents of Camden, N.J. — one of the poorest cities in America — based on a strategy of comprehensive preventive and primary care.
12. Behavioral economist Colin Camerer, 53
Most recently, Camerer has combined behavioral modeling with functional magnetic resonance imaging technologies, analyzing brain activity during economic interactions that prompt humans to guess how other individuals might behave.
13. Medieval historian Robin Fleming, 57
Fleming is a history professor at Boston College whose work Britain after Rome: The Fall and Rise of the Middle Ages, c. 400–1070 (2010) documents how people traded, worshipped and commemorated their dead.
14. Pianist and writer Jeremy Denk, 43
Denk is a concert pianist and popular blogger who writes about his own classical music experiences in The New Yorker, The New Republic and his own blog, Think Denk.
15. Astrophysicist Sara Seager, 42
Seager is a professor of planetary science and physics at MIT. She focuses on the study of exoplanets as well as the creation of low-cost nano-satellites that are used to observe planetary transits.
16. Choreographer Alexei Ratmansky, 45
Ratmansky is an artist in residence at the American Ballet Theatre known for re-imagining ballet classics such as “The Nutcracker” and “The Firebird.”
17. Atomic physicist Ana Maria Rey, 36
Rey conducts research on ultracold optical-lattice systems, helping to further the fields of quantum simulation and quantum information and explain the complex behaviors of the natural world using mathematical models.
18. Statistician Susan Murphy, 55
Murphy focuses on developing new methods that can be used to evaluate treatment for individuals coping with chronic or relapsing disorders like depression or substance abuse, such as her sequential multiple assignment randomized trial.
19. Agricultural ecologist David Lobell, 34
Lobell is an associate professor at Stanford’s Department of Environmental Earth System Science who investigates the impact climate change has on crop production and food security around the world.
20. Neuroscientist Sheila Nirenberg
Nirenberg , whose age was unavailable, is an associate professor in the Department of Physiology and Biophysics at Weill Cornell Medical College who is developing an alternative procedure to restore sight after photoreceptor cell degeneration.
21. Jazz Pianist and composer Vijay Iyer, 41
Iyer is recognized for his rigorous investigation of musical genres from South Indian classical music to West African drumming, contemporary European composers and 20th century African-American piano legends.
22. Computer scientist Dina Katabi, 42
A professor in MIT’s Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Katabi specializes in wireless data transmission, aiming to improve the speed, reliability, and security of data exchange.
23. Materials scientist Craig Fennie, 40
Fennie is an assistant professor at Cornell University’s School of Applied and Engineering Physics who combines the tools of theoretical physics with chemistry to discover new materials with the necessary electrical, magnetic, and optical properties for new communications technologies.
24. Public health historian and anthropologist Julie Livingston, 46
A professor in Rutgers University’s Department of History, Livingston uses archival research and ethnographic studies to investigate individuals with chronic illnesses and debilitating ailments in Botswana.
Check out the list of 2012 MacArthur Fellows below.
Bringing the right green products on your trip prevents you from buying wasteful items like travel-size toiletries and from needing single-use products, like plastic bottles and bags. Below, seven eco-travel products you must pack on your next trip.
Don’t use travel-size shampoo and conditioner. These containers are single-use, and it is so much earth-friendlier to pack something you can use repeatedly. Go Toobs from humangear are silicone (easy to squeeze) bottles with large openings that make them easy to fill, empty and clean. They are small enough to pass TSA, and are made from food-safe, BPA-free material.
Unfortunately, recent studies are showing that standard sunscreens can be harmful to people and the ocean. Surf-vival 30+ mineral sunscreen’s only active ingredient is zinc oxide. It contains none of the ingredients believed to cause coral reef bleaching and it is free of human-harming chemicals and parabens. Surf-vival is made by Smart Girls Who Surf, which has an entire line of organic sunscreen products for face, lips and body.
Take a reusable bag with you to avoid using a plastic bag while shopping for groceries or souvenirs. The ChicoBag rePETe line is made from recycled PET plastic (most plastic bottles are made from PET). The bag folds into its own little mini-sack, and has a mini-caribiner attached so you can clip it to your keys or backpack. The bag is no hassle to pack, but saves the big hassle that plastic bags cause the Earth.
Not only are plastic utensils terrible for the environment (they’re non-biodegradable), they really shouldn’t be going in your mouth either (they’re rarely BPA-free). Bamboo is a highly sustainable material: it grows fast, it’s abundant, and it’s usually grown without pesticides. To-Go Ware’s bamboo utensil set comes with a fork, knife, spoon and pair of chopsticks (disposable chopsticks are a big environmental problem). The compact case is made from recycled plastic and has a carabiner for easy attaching.
In America, we waste almost a third of the total food available for consumption. Across the planet, 1.3 billion tons are wasted annually. Don’t take that habit with you on your trip. Bring a reusable food container to store your leftovers and have a snack while you’re on the road, the trail or the beach. To-Go Ware offers two-tier stainless steel tiffins (so you don’t have to mix your munchies) and a recycled cotton carrier bag.
It’s crucial to stay hydrated while flying, and those itty bitty cups of water they use on the plane don’t cut it. It’s also crucial to stay caffeinated when you’re jet-lagged. Accomplish both without buying single-use bottles and cups by bringing the Kleen Kanteen insulated bottle, which comes with two caps, one for coffee sipping and another for sealing in water. If you want to travel hands free, get a drink sling for your bottle from ChicoBag. Remember, every time you don’t use a plastic bottle, one less albatross ends up like this.
The best vacations don’t include electronics at all, but if you must, at least transport them in upcycled fabric. Looptworks makes iPad and laptop cases made with upcycled neoprene leftover from wetsuit manufacturers.
If you’re going to bring every iGadget you own, make sure to pack this solar-powered device charger. Use a USB cable to connect the device to your phone, iPad, or whatever else you couldn’t leave home without, and give the carbon-spitting power plants a vacation too.
And finally, where does one pack all these green essentials? Try a Weekender Duffel from Rareform, constructed with upcycled advertising billboards. No two bags are alike as the materials come straight off the billboards. Plus, they’re made in California, so you don’t have to sweat all that CO2 created by shipping your bag from a factory overseas.
House Republicans earlier this month released legislation that would include an extension of the Monsanto measure in their continuing resolution. The measure shields sellers of genetically modified seeds from lawsuits, even if the resulting crops cause harm.
Merkley has opposed the measure since it quietly passed in March, when it was attached to another spending resolution. Merkley led an online petition to oppose the extension, and unsuccessfully offered an amendment to the farm bill intended to kill what opponents have dubbed the Monsanto Protection Act. Monsanto is the world’s largest seed company.
Merkley worked with legislative leaders to ensure the Farmer Assurance Provision rider would expire before it could be extended. In a statement Tuesday evening, the senator applauded those who helped him to avert the extension:
This is a victory for all those who think special interests shouldn’t get special deals. This secret rider, which was slipped into a must-pass spending bill earlier this year, instructed the Secretary of Agriculture to allow GMO crops to be cultivated and sold even when our courts had found they posed a potential risk to farmers of nearby crops, the environment, and human health. I applaud the hundreds of thousands of Americans who have worked hard to end this diabolical provision.
The rider is set to expire at the end of the month.
Rosenthal discussed the upside of dealing with challenge in a HuffPost Live appearance on Monday with host Nancy Redd.
“I was looking at the stories in my own life from which I learned lessons — from myself and the people I’ve come across — and as I looked at these stories, it occurred to me that you learn the most when things go wrong,” Rosenthal said. “And the bigger the adversity, it seems, the better the lesson.”
Rosenthal, whose new book, “The Gift Of Adversity,” delves into the advantages of obstacles, also noted that those who have dealt with adversity should actually be more employable.
“If you’re hiring somebody, I don’t think you want somebody who’s had a perfect life because they’re not going to know how to deal with things when things go wrong,” he said. “It’s not just the adversity itself, it’s what you do with the adversity — how you grow and become a bigger person and a more resilient person… and a more compassionate person as a result of the things that happen to you — those are, in my view, marks of success.”
Watch the clip above and check out the full video of Rosenthal’s appearance on HuffPost Live.
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