“I’ve had to learn to do this with my mother,” Oprah says in the video. “That’s why it hit me. You’ve got to meet people where they are and love them at the level that they can receive it.”
Oprah says the hard part has been getting past the ideal versus reality. “You have in your own mind what a mother should be and what you wanted your mother to be. And in many cases, your mothers and your fathers can’t be what your ideal is. Isn’t that correct?” she asks Bishop Jakes.
“Yes, because they were broken when you got them,” he says.
Bishop Jakes goes on to explain that Oprah, like many others, are “10-gallon people born into families with pint capacities.”
“When you are a 10-gallon person and you want love, you want it on a 10-gallon level,” he says. “But if you fool around and hook up with a pint person, they could be giving you all that they have — sincerely giving you everything, but it doesn’t fill you up, because you’re bigger than that.”
Bishop Jakes breaks it down even further. “Because you operate on such a higher level, that you say ‘Is that it? Is that all you’re gonna give me?'”
“But you must realize, some people – that’s all they got,” Bishop Jakes says.”That’s really all they got.”
The elusive quality of mind has long been mused about by artists, philosophers and psychologists who have sought to uncover the driving force behind great works of art and groundbreaking inventions.
Yet despite its role in some of the greatest discoveries ever made, our understanding of imagination — where it comes from and what it looks like in the brain — has been remarkably limited. That’s now beginning to change, and a new study from researchers at Dartmouth University is providing some answers.
Einstein, the revolutionary physicist, employed a highly creative scientific process, one that no doubt played a significant role in some of his greatest discoveries, according to Alex Schlegel, a researcher in the Dartmouth University Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences and an author of the study.
The Dartmouth researchers found that the activity of what we call the imagination is the product of a widespread network of neurons (what they call the “mental workspace”) that consciously alters and manipulates images, symbols, and ideas, and gives us the intense mental focus that we need to come up with new ideas and solutions to complex problems.
“When asked what his scientific thought process looked like, Einstein would say that he’d take an image in his mind and play around with it and manipulate it, looking at it from different angles — combining and breaking things apart,” Schlegel told The Huffington Post.
“The way we think about the mental workspace is in terms of all these really incredible, flexible things that humans can do,” he added. “We can create art, we can think scientifically, we can think mathematically. And in a lot of those cases, that requires the ability to have a mental representation of ideas, symbols and images, and to be able to play around with them in the mind.”
To witness the workings of the imaginative brain, researchers hooked 15 participants up to an fMRI scanner and asked them to visualize specific abstract shapes, then told them to imagine combining those shapes into more complex figures. What they discovered was a large cortical and subcortical network across the brain that produced the manipulations of imagery — the so-called mental workspace.
The network ranged from areas that govern visual processing to other areas related to attention and executive processes. “They’re all working together to make manipulations happen,” Schegel said.
The findings, which will appear this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, can help us better understand how the organization of the brain creates an environment that allows us to think openly and creatively.
The study is also a significant departure from most previous research on imagination, which has looked at different parts of the brain in isolation in an attempt to locate the seat of creative activity. The Dartmouth findings and other recent studies have effectively debunked the popular theory that the “right brain” governs creative activity; mounting research suggests, instead, that the human brain is far more vast and interconnected than such simple explanations would indicate.
But the question of what makes some of us more imaginative than others — and how we might be able to enhance or trigger our own creativity — remains largely unresolved.
“There’s a lot of debate about what makes some people more creative than others,” said Schlegel, who pointed to the mental workspace for clues. “That is one possibility, that we tap into this network more or better than others — maybe there are stronger connections between these areas of the brain.”
The new insights also offer a starting point for research that could help design better learning processes or potentially advance artificial intelligence.
“Our findings move us closer to understanding how the organization of our brains sets us apart from other species and provides such a rich internal playground for us to think freely and creatively,” Schlegel said in a press release accompanying the study. “Understanding these differences will give us insight into where human creativity comes from and possibly allow us to recreate those same creative processes in machines.”
This moving mosaic stitches together wide-angle-camera (WAC) images of the moon, captured from every angle by NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. The images reflect brightness on the moon with high accuracy, thanks to the equations scientists used to counteract the sun and camera’s effects on the images.
Four views of the Moon. Upper left: (0°N, 0°E); Upper right: (0°N, 90°E); Lower left: (0°N, 180°E); Lower right: (0°N, 270°E)
But if the moon rotates, why does it always look the same from Earth? Because it’s tidally locked to our planet — that is, Earth’s gravitational pull causes the moon to spin on its axis at the same rate it rotates around Earth.
By Keith Coffman
DENVER, Sept 16 (Reuters) – Search-and-rescue teams bolstered by National Guard troops fanned out across Colorado’s flood-stricken landscape on Monday, as a week of torrential rains blamed for eight deaths and the destruction of at least 1,600 homes finally gave way to sunny skies.
Much of the evacuation effort was focused on remote foothill and canyon communities in north-central Colorado, where the bulk of nearly 12,000 people evacuated since last week were stranded due to washed-out roads, bridges and communication lines, state emergency officials said.
The overall flood zone has encompassed 17 Colorado counties across a normally semi-arid region nearly the size of Delaware.
Drizzle and morning fog that had hampered airborne emergency operations early on Monday lifted by afternoon, allowing National Guard helicopters to return to the skies to help ground teams find trapped flood victims and carry them to safety.
In Boulder County alone, about 1,500 people had been evacuated to emergency shelters as of Sunday night and another 160 on Monday, most of them by helicopter, county emergency management office spokeswoman Liz Donaghey said.
The rest were ferried out by military vehicles. Many of the air-lifted evacuees had to be hoisted by hovering helicopters one at a time from rooftops and upper-floor balconies, she said.
Asked how many more may still be stranded, she said, “We don’t know what we’ve got until we have them.”
In neighboring Larimer County, officials put the number of evacuees yet to be reached at roughly 1,000.
Meanwhile, ranchers were advised to move livestock away from rain-swollen streams as floodwaters spread further east onto the prairie, and authorities warned residents to be on the lookout for rattlesnakes that might be slithering to higher ground.
Larimer and Boulder counties bore the brunt of flash floods first unleashed last week by heavy rains that started last Monday and drenched Colorado’s biggest urban centers along a 130-mile (210-km) stretch in the Front Range of the Rockies.
At the peak of the disaster – the heaviest deluge to hit the region in four decades, experts said – floodwaters roared down rain-saturated mountainsides northwest of Denver and spilled through canyons funneling the runoff into populated areas below.
The flooding progressed downstream and spread onto the prairie through the weekend. The rain-gorged South Platte River continued to top its banks on Monday, submerging large tracts of farmland as flooding rolled eastward toward Nebraska.
Authorities said downstream flooding could be worsened by a river channel cluttered with overgrown vegetation and debris from several years of minimal flows along the South Platte.
State officials issued flood warnings to Nebraska residents urging them to shut off utilities and electrical machinery along the river.
In its latest update on the disaster, the Colorado Office of Emergency Management said the official death toll had risen to eight, up from five over the weekend.
The latest count included two women, aged 60 and 80, who were reported missing and presumed dead since Sunday, after their homes were washed away by floodwaters in the Big Thompson Canyon area of Larimer County.
Nearly 600 people remained unaccounted for in Larimer and Boulder counties combined, with many believed to be still stranded in remote areas cut off by floodwaters and left without telephone, cell phone or Internet service, officials said.
An estimated 1,500 homes have been destroyed and 4,500 damaged in Larimer County alone, emergency management spokeswoman Jennifer Hillmann said. In addition, 200 businesses have been lost and 500 damaged, she said, citing preliminary assessments by the county.
Boulder County officials confirmed 108 homes were destroyed in the hard-hit town of Lyons but had no countywide property loss figures.
Air rescue operations were the largest in the United States since flooding in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans in 2005, National Guard officials said.
President Barack Obama declared the area a major disaster over the weekend, freeing up federal funds and resources to aid state and local governments.
Meanwhile, standing water left by the floods was expected to cause significant damage to crops in the predominantly agricultural communities of Morgan County, northeast of Denver.
The flooding already has disrupted oil and natural gas production in the fossil fuel-rich region of eastern Colorado known as the Jenver-Julesburg Basin, several energy companies reported on Monday.
Canadian energy giant Encana Corp said it has shut down 397 of the more than 1,200 wells it operates in the basin as a result of flooding. And Anadarko Petroleum Corp said it had ceased operations on 600 of its wells in the area.
Separately, El Paso Pipeline Partners’ Colorado Interstate Gas (CIG) unit said it had taken two of its gas pipelines out of service after flooding exposed parts of two of them.
Local environmental activists have raised concerns about potential leaks of gas, oil and hazardous materials from well sites and other energy facilities compromised by flooding. The Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission said it was working with health authorities to assess environmental impacts.
State officials would be unable to assess the overall damage until rescue efforts were complete and the floodwaters had receded, said Micki Trost, a spokeswoman for the state Office of Emergency Management.
Kyle Fredin, a meteorologist for the National Weather Service, said 21 inches (53 cm) of rain fell in parts of Boulder city, northwest of Denver, during the week-long deluge, nearly double the area’s average annual rainfall.
The last multi-day rainfall to spawn widespread flooding in Colorado’s Front Range occurred in 1969. But a single-night downpour from a 1976 thunderstorm triggered a flash flood that killed more than 140 people in Big Thompson Canyon.
If you don’t have the patience for art, a shorter version is available here.
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